Rheumatic fever

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Rheumatic Fever is an inflammatory disease that can compromise the joints, heart, brain and skin of children aged 5 to 15 years.

What is Rheumatic Fever? 

Rheumatic Fever is an inflammatory disease that can compromise the joints, heart, brain and skin of children aged 5 to 15 years.

What causes rheumatic fever? 

Rheumatic fever is a reaction to a throat infection by a bacterium known as streptococcus. This throat infection is clinically characterized by fever, sore throat, lumps in the neck (enlarged lymph nodes) and intense redness, red spots or pus plaques in the throat. The child, usually over 3 years of age, may have a throat infection like any other child, and usually one to two weeks later begins to complain of rheumatic fever. 

Can any child who has a throat infection experience Rheumatic Fever?

No. Only those with a predisposition to present the disease. Countless children have frequent throat infections, 7 especially in the first years of life, but this is not enough to predispose them to present with Rheumatic Fever. The necessary predisposition to present the disease is inherited from the parents and is born with the child. 

Is it possible to know who has this predisposition?

Not yet. Research has been done, both here in Brazil and in other countries, to find out what the marker of the disease is and we believe that soon we will have encouraging results.