Vector graphics differ significantly from standard graphics both in the way it is created and in the visual effects that can be achieved with it. It allows you to create images and graphics using mathematical formulas. Therefore, it is not only an art, but also enters the canon of fields related to exact science.
Vector graphics – what is it?
It is a type of graphic , which consists in saving an image in the form of geometric figures, resulting from the use of appropriate mathematical formulas. Thanks to this model of creating vector images, it is possible to change the file size and scale it without fear of losing the quality of the files.
Vector photos are usually based on the fact that they contain few details – the idea is to create graphics, not to reflect the realism of the photo.
Where can we meet vector illustrations?
Although we do not realize it on a daily basis, vector graphics are in places that we use when working, studying or playing a computer game. The vector version of computer graphics can be found in descriptions of fonts on computers, computer games, and videos. The use of vector graphics takes place where three-dimensional graphics are described – e.g. in geometry.
The use of vector graphics at work
Vector graphics are also present in objects that we use or meet in public places or at school. They are used to create maps and plans – so they are constantly associated with the work of surveyors, architects or people involved in tourism. Logos of the most popular companies (such as PUMA) were also created using vector illustrations. Similarly, the coats of arms of cities, road signs or the artistic part of some comics.
Vector graphics – advantages
Vector graphics and its use have many advantages. One of them is that vector images scale easily. Additionally, we can easily change their parameters and transfer them, if necessary, to raster graphics. The advantage of vector graphics is also the fact that we can use it to describe space in a three-dimensional way – so it facilitates the work of those who work in the field, etc. The advantages of vector graphics also include the simplicity of their description and the ability to use plotters in a manner consistent with the method used in their work.
Disadvantages of vector graphics
As for the disadvantages of vector graphics, there are few of them. However, they include:
- high memory complexity for images whose goal is to create photorealistic graphics,
- sometimes it also happens that it is not profitable to convert a file to raster graphics due to the computational unprofitability of the conversion.
HOWEVER, THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF VECTOR GRAPHICS ALLOW US TO CONCLUDE THAT ULTIMATELY VECTOR GRAPHICS ARE USEFUL AND IT IS WORTH GETTING ACQUAINTED WITH VECTOR GRAPHICS PROGRAMS OR ONLINE VECTOR GRAPHICS.
How to create a vector graphic?
When it comes to creating vector graphics, we can use popular programs available on the web for this purpose. One of them is Word, which many people use in their daily work. In addition, graphics can be created in GIMP, CorelDRAW – a program that offers many possibilities in creating vector illustrations.
ZestaPRO or Affinity Designer are also a program for creating vector graphics – in general, creating vector graphics is possible in most graphics programs.
Vector graphics – how to start, how to do
The vector graphics program is the main tool we need to create our vector image. Then we should find some idea for our artwork. To begin with, we can start by creating images that we already have – e.g. a well-known logo. Looking at the logo of a given company in the vector version , we will notice what it consists of, what the format of computer graphics is and we will recreate the method of its implementation step by step. Then we can implement our project, already knowing the methods of operation of vector graphics by definition based on geometric figures.
The tools we need to create and extend vector graphics.
The features of vector graphics allow you to create graphics using programs dedicated to creating graphics. In Inkscape, vectorization is very intuitive and allows you to create multilayer vector graphics and svg vector graphics, i.e. two-layer graphics whose main application is websites . It is a format that is generally considered system platform independent.
Online vectorization – is it possible?
Online vectorization is possible. It is also a convenient way to transfer low quality raster files to high quality and readable vector image versions . Most often it concerns a logo, drawing or sketch. Thanks to this, we can quickly obtain a vector illustration based on a low-quality image of high quality on the scale of interest to us and with the changes we expect.